|
IVM

The impact of fuel prices on cycling in Germany

Fuel prices are an important determinant for many people's transport behavior and can influence not only motorized transport, but also the use of other modes of transport. In their new article, Jakob Findenegg and Jan Wessel deal with the question of how fuel prices affect cycling. The article is published in the journal Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice.

Read more about The impact of fuel prices on cycling in Germany
|
IVM

The Covid-19 pandemic and the weather sensitivity of cycling

In their new article "More Afraid of the Virus than of Bad Weather? Exploring the link between Weather Conditions and Cycling Volume in German Cities Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic", Ansgar Hudde and Jan Wessel examine how the COVID-19 pandemic has influenced the relationship between weather and cycling. Based on data from 69 automated bicycle counting stations in Germany, the authors show that the weather sensitivity of cyclists in transit-oriented cities has increased during the Covid-19 pandemic. One reason for this could be that public transport users have switched to cycling due to the increased risk of infection on public transport and that these new cyclists are significantly more sensitive to the weather than long-time cyclists. In more bicycle-oriented (student) cities, on the other hand, the weather sensitivity of cyclists has not changed during the Covid-19 pandemic.

Read more about The Covid-19 pandemic and the weather sensitivity of cycling
|
IVM

Riding the Green Wave

Increasing cycling attractiveness is essential for city planners to enable more sustainable mobility. One way to improve cycling quality is to reduce the frequency of stopping, thereby enhancing cycling flow. Against this backdrop, the city of Münster installed an open-source green wave assistant designed specifically for cyclists, located 110 meters in front of the traffic lights. In their new article "Riding the Green Wave - How Countdown Timers at Bicycle Traffic Lights Impact on Cycling Behavior", Christina Brand, Thomas Hagedorn, Till Kösters, Marlena Meier, Gernot Sieg and Jan Wesse analyze the impact of the Leezenflow system. The article is published in Travel Behavior and Society.

Read more about Riding the Green Wave
|
IVM

Dr. Jan Wessel wins the Richard J. Arnott Best Paper by a Junior Researcher Prize

The University of Cantabria in Santander, Spain, hosted the annual conference of the International Transport Economics Association (ITEA)

The annual conference of the International Transport Economics Association (ITEA) was held at the University of Cantabria in Santander, Spain, from June 14-16, 2023. Participants of the conference are researchers and specialists in the field of transport economics. Among all scientific submissions, 155 transport economics papers were selected for presentation at the conference this year. A highlight of the conference was the award ceremony for the best papers, where Dr. Jan Wessel from the Institute of Transport Economics at WWU Münster was awarded the "Richard J. Arnott Best Paper by a Junior Researcher Prize".

His research, entitled "Space Wars - Finding an Economically Efficient Allocation of Street Space Across Different Transport Modes," examines the economically efficient allocation of street space. Through a theoretical model of transportation mode choice and extensive simulations for the cities of Berlin and New York City, the study shows that reallocating street space from cars and parking in favor of buses and especially bicycles can increase the economic efficiency of the transportation system. The paper thus makes an important contribution to the current debate on the distribution of road space.

Read more about Dr. Jan Wessel wins the Richard J. Arnott Best Paper by a Junior Researcher Prize
|
IVM

Effects of the use-it-or-lose-it rule on airline strategy and climate

Grandfather rights require airlines to operate at least 80 % of their slots, if they are to keep them in the next scheduling period. To prevent losing slots, the airlines may operate slot-rescue flights, an airline strategy called slot hoarding. This behavior was made public in 2022 by the CEO of the German Lufthansa AG, Carsten Spohr: “We have to operate 18,000 additional, unnecessary flights during the winter, purely to secure our slots”. In their new article Till Kösters, Marlena Meier and Gernot Sieg model strategies of a monopolistic airline which chooses between long-haul and short-haul flights at a slot-coordinated airport. The article is published in the journal Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment.

Read more about Effects of the use-it-or-lose-it rule on airline strategy and climate
|
IVM

Value-added tax reduction in German long-distance passenger rail transport

Tax cuts are a frequently used instrument to stimulate demand. However, this goal can only be achieved if the tax cut is actually passed through to consumers. Against this backdrop, Gernot Sieg and Jan Wessel analyze in a recent paper how the VAT reduction in German long-distance passenger rail transport as of January 1, 2020, was passed through to Deutsche Bahn's customers. The article is published in the journal Economics of Transportation.

Read more about Value-added tax reduction in German long-distance passenger rail transport
|
IVM

Competitive framework for an integral interval timetable in long-distance passenger rail services

The decision to centrally organize long-distance passenger rail services in the form of an integral interval timetable (IIT) in the same way as short-distance passenger rail services offers the opportunity to induce competition in the market for long-distance passenger rail services. IIT train paths could be allocated in such a way that different train operating companies operate a long-distance route in turn. In their new article, Christina Brand and Gernot Sieg use an industrial economic model to show that trains in a route monopoly are more punctual compared to a route duopoly, but ticket prices are higher.

Read more about Competitive framework for an integral interval timetable in long-distance passenger rail services
|
IVM

Covid-19 and active mobility

Impact of the first wave of the pandemic on walking and cycling in 10 German cities.

The Covid-19 pandemic is one of the most defining events of the last decades, with impacts on almost every aspect of life. In particular, fear of contagion and government interventions to contain the pandemic (e.g., business closures or contact restrictions) significantly decreased people's mobility. In their new article, Alessa Möllers, Sebastian Specht and Jan Wessel look at how the first wave of the pandemic affected walking and cycling in 10 German cities. The article is published in the journal Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice.

Read more about Covid-19 and active mobility
|
IVM

Impact of emissions information on travel decisions

Tourism trips (e.g. leisure/holiday trips) can cause considerable environmental pollution due to CO2 emissions. Travelers often do not know how environmentally damaging their vacation trip actually is, because they do not receive any information about it or are only offered monetary compensation for the CO2 emissions. Against this background, Thomas Hagedorn and Jan Wessel investigate in a recent study how information about the CO2 emissions of a trip affects the travel decision. The article is published in the International Journal of Sustainable Transportation.

Read more about Impact of emissions information on travel decisions